Saudi Arabia has a strong hydrocarbon production capacity. Moreover, the country is the second largest oil producer. Therefore, what are the oil issues in Saudi Arabia? Oil in Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia produces heavy oil and light oil. This nation has a high oil potential because it holds the second largest oil reserves in the world. Thus, this reserve has given it the rank of the leading oil producing country. Nevertheless, the arrival of shale oil has allowed the United States to dethrone it....